OLYMPIA — A proposed bill that easily passed the state House of Representatives would provide discrimination protections for victims of domestic violence or sexual assault.
HB 2661 makes it unlawful for an employer to fire an employee or discriminate in hiring based on the victimization of sexual assault or domestic violence. It also mandates employers to provide reasonable safety accommodation if a victim requests it.
Lawmakers heard the bill in the Senate Committee for Labor and Commerce on Feb. 19.
“Being employed is absolutely key and a huge help to women and others who are experiencing domestic violence to get out of the situation,” said the bill’s prime sponsor, state Rep. Beth Doglio, D-Olympia.
Under Washington’s existing Domestic Violence Leave Act, all employees have a right to take unpaid time off work or earn paid leave to obtain assistance for issues related to domestic violence, sexual assault or stalking. This is meant to help victims and their families address legal issues, obtain treatment for physical or mental health, or find other services.
David Ward, an attorney for Legal Voice, a women’s rights legal advocacy group, said the bill is a way to close a gap in existing protections for people with abusive partners. It ensures a legal remedy if an employee is discriminated against based on his or her status as a survivor of domestic violence or sexual assault, he said.
For instance, he told a story about a woman who worked as a server at a restaurant and had to take out a protection order against a violent former partner. Ward said she was fired after telling her employer that she had the protection order. Under existing law, she had no legal remedy for her loss of employment.
Often times, an abusive partner will undermine a victim’s employment as a deliberate effort to keep them under their financial control, said Tamaso Johnson, public policy coordinator for the Washington State Coalition Against Domestic Violence.
“Stable employment and access to reasonable accommodations on the job can be a vital bridge to safety, stability and independence for many,” Johnson said during the bill’s hearing. “When survivors lack these options and protections, the results can be tragic.”
In its Fatality Review Project, the Washington State Coalition Against Domestic Violence tracked cases in which perpetrators of domestic violence kill their partner.
Part of the project includes a report on economic stability related to domestic violence. It showed that in seven out of nine cases reviewed, a victim of domestic violence homicide was economically dependant on her abuser.
Under the proposed bill, an employer is allowed to require verification for the safety accommodation an employee is seeking. The accommodation also has to be within the employer’s reasonable ability.
Tammie Hetrick, the chief operating officer for the Washington Retail Association, said she anticipates some retail employers not being able to accommodate some survivors’ needs. For instance, it’s hard to enforce protection orders an employee may require in a retail setting. She suggested working with the Washington Labor and Industries crime victim program to clarify employer responsibilities.
The bill passed the House of Representatives unanimously Feb. 7 and was heard in the Senate Committee on Labor and Commerce on Feb. 19.